The foods which we consume in our
everyday life are products derived from plants or animals that can be
taken into the body to yield energy and nutrients for the maintenance
of life and the growth and repair of our tissues. Healthy foods
support healthy bodies, therefore, you should be careful when you are
choosing your foods for your meals. You should choose nutritious foods
that will benefit your health because nutrition played a significant
role in your life, even from before your birth.
Foods that provide health benefits beyond their nutrient contributions
are called functional foods. Oatmeal or tomatoes are some
examples of functional foods in their natural ways. In other cases,
the foods have been modified in a way that provides health benefits,
perhaps by lowering the fat contents. Whole-grains, vegetables
and legumes, fruits, meats, fish, poultry and milk products are among
the healthiest choices a person can make. All food groups offer
valuable nutrients and everyone of us should make selections from each
group daily. Consume a variety of nutrient-dense foods and
beverages within and among the basic healthy food groups.
However, limit intake of saturated and trans fats, cholesterol,
added sugars, salt and alcohol. You may find that
dietary guidelines are a little different from individual countries
from around the whole world - but they all agree towards supporting
good health. Healthy foods are about simple, fresh, wholesome
food packed with all the nutrients you need.
Consume a sufficient amount of fruits,
vegetables, milk and milk products (fat-free or low-fat milk
products), and whole grains while staying within energy needs.
Make a selection of fruits and vegetables each day, including
selections from all five vegetable subgroups, that is, dark green,
orange, legumes, starchy vegetables and other vegetables) several
times a week, making sure at least half of the grain selections are
whole grains. A well-planned diet will provide adequate nutrients and
substance, a balanced array of nutrients, and an appropriate amount of
energy needed by an individual.