Causes and Remedy for Arthritis

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Information on Causes and Remedy for Arthritis

Arthritis, a general term for more than 100 rheumatic diseases involving painful inflammation of the joint, affecting the muscles, connective tissues, skin, organs and other related structural changes. The most obvious warning signs are pain, swelling, problems moving one or more joints and stiffness.  There are two categories of Arthritis.  Osteoarthritis, the most common arthritis disease involving a painful deterioration of the cartilage in the joints that disables senior adults. There are several risk factors for osteoarthritis which we should take note such as, age, smoking, BMI at age 40 and lack of hormone therapy (in women).  Rheumatoid Arthritis, another type of arthritis, a disease of our immune system involving painful inflammation of the joints and related structural changes.

 

Although arthritis cannot be cured, in many cases, we can apply treatment to the symptoms which is effective in relieving or reducing the pain or inflammation of the joints and improving other related structural changes.

 

Arthritis patient should perform daily exercise which is important in building and preserving muscle strength, protects joint from further stress and keeps them flexible.  These effective exercise program can be range-of-motion exercises to keep muscles and joints flexible.  In order to promote cardiovascular conditioning and overall fitness, patient can also perform low-impact aerobic exercises such as walking, swimming or bicycling.  Low-impact activities like cross-training programs are also recommended.  Strengthening exercises to build supporting muscles in order to absorb stress on joints and keep them stable.  Consult your doctor or physical therapist on the right activities within each category which you should perform.  Physical therapists also teach prescribed muscle-strengthening and range-of-motion exercises.  They can also teach you ways to control or reduce arthritis pain without medication whereas occupational therapists teaches you how to use self-help devices and reduce strain on joints.

 

It has been found that there is a connection between obesity and osteoarthritis.  This is due to the excess weight which put stress on weight-bearing joints which will in turn cause osteoarthritis.  Being overweight or suffering from obesity, these people are often less active and therefore they are more susceptible to joint stiffening.  If you are overweight, try to slim down by exercising, try to control and plan your daily diet by reducing your fat consumption and eating a healthful, balanced meals.

 

Besides exercising and planning our diets, there are also many types of drugs used to treat arthritis.  They are aspirin, also known as salicylates, which is most widely prescribed at low doses to relieve arthritis pain and as an anti-inflammatory agent at high doses.  Analgesics given to reduce pain but not inflammation, disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs given only under a physician's close supervision is used only for rheumatoid arthritis.  There are also nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory dugs and corticosteroids drugs for the treatment of arthritis.  Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used to relieve pain and inflammation by delaying the body's production of prostaglandins and corticosteroids are potent anti-inflammatories which provide relief initially but may produce troublesome side effects with long-term use.  These drug is therefore can only be prescribed under a doctor's close supervision.

 

People with serious arthritis may need a joint replacement or joint resurfacing which is a procedure performed by an orthopedic surgeon.

 

For mild cases, we can also temporarily reduce arthritis pain by applying heat or cold treatment.  This treatment is especially useful before and after an exercise.  However, most people with arthritis respond more positively to cold packs than to heat when active inflammation produces severe pain and joint swelling.

 

According to research, people with arthritis benefit more from treatment programs that teach them how to adopt an active, healthy lifestyle and practice pain and stress management.  They are 80 percent more relieved from pain and joint tenderness or inflammation than they get from using medication or drugs alone.

 

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