Diabetes

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Articles on Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic health condition. There are Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Millions of people around the world are unaware that they are suffering from Type 2 diabetes.  Many have no signs or symptoms while, in others, symptoms can be mild and unnoticeable.  People with Type 2 diabetes can usually make some insulin (a hormone produced by your body, which allows blood sugar or glucose into your body's cells for energy), but not enough for the body's requirement to properly break down sugar (glucose) in the blood. This condition is more common among senior adults and is often related to being overweight.  For Type 2 diabetes, which was formerly called adult-onset diabetes or noninsulin-dependent diabetes, patient losing weight and changing their diet can sometimes be enough to control blood sugar levels.  However, some may require tablets. Type 1 diabetes usually occur in people who are under 40 years of age.  This means that their bodies cannot produce any insulin at all, so they will need to take regular injections of insulin to control their blood sugar level.

 

Diabetes mellitus, thought to be a simple problem of the pancreas being unable to produce insulin, thereby causing the blood sugar (glucose) to reach extreme heights which, in turn, would trigger a series of disastrous metabolic derangements certain to lead to death.

 

The underlying problem in diabetes is an inappropriately elevated level of blood sugar, hyperglycemia, which, when severe, can lead to a state of coma and extreme dehydration.  Persons with diabetes who are predisposed to coma generally produce little or no insulin, the hormone released from the pancreas to help sugar get into the body's tissues and which, therefore, keeps the blood-sugar level within normal range.  Diabetes beginning in childhood, also known as juvenile diabetes, is usually in most cases due to severe insulin deficiency.  But diabetes that first appears in adulthood or adult-onset diabetes may be associated with normal or even elevated levels of insulin that are not doing the job.  Indeed, the terms "juvenile" and "adult-onset" are being supplanted today by the phrases "insulin-dependent" and "insulin-independent", indicating that these two different forms of diabetes can occur at any age and that the type of diabetes, rather than the age, becomes the most important factor in treatment and prognosis.  The reason why the pancreas stops making insulin, or why a given amount of insulin is less effective at other times, remains poorly understood.  Genetic factors clearly play a role, as diabetes tends to run in families.  However, the pattern of inheritance is far more complicated than was previously thought, thereby making it impossible to predict with certainty whether parents with diabetes will transmit the disease to any of their children.

 

There are times, though, when hyperglycemia can be traced to specific causes, including pancreatic diabetes, in which the cells of the pancreas are destroyed by disease (such as chronic pancreatitis); endocrine diabetes, in which the overactivity of various glands (thyroid, adrenal, or pituitary) raises blood-sugar levels; and drug-induced diabetes, in which hyperglycemia is caused by drugs such as steroids, diuretics (water pills), or even birth control pills in some women. 

 

Diet and exercise are the main ways to control and manage diabetes.  People with diabetes should cut back on sugar and fat. They should learn how to read food labels to check for sugar and carbohydrate content. An increase in fiber intake to 20 to 35 grams of fiber per day by consuming more whole grains, fruits, vegetables and legumes while taking lots of fluids at the same time will help in controlling and managing diabetes.

 

  1. Diabetes and Sexual Inabilities in Men

  2. Possible Preventive Measures for Diabetics

 

 

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