Children with dyslexia are of average to
above-average intelligence. Some experts believe children with
develop-mental reading disorder (DRD) are unable to form images from
words or to process words into a comprehensible idea due to severely
impaired brain cells scattered throughout the brain. Therefore
any process that needs the manipulation of symbols such as arithmetic,
reading and writing, fails at its basic function which is to convey
information. Many children with dyslexia also have attention
deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). As it affects these
conditions together, the treatment becomes more challenging. A
child with dyslexia or any learning disabilities should get help early
especially when they are still in the kindergarten or first grades.
These children will have fewer reading problems than a child who is
not helped until third grade. This learning disability is most
likely to be spotted at an early stage by the teacher. Dyslexia
if not detected early may promote extreme frustration, lack of
confidence and insecurity in a child. Dyslexia is not the only
cause of reading problems. Reading problems or learning
disabilities and difficulties can also be caused by hearing or vision
problems, emotional problems and mental retardation.
Parents can cooperate with the school
authorities to help design a special education program tailored to the
specific child with dyslexia. As parents, we should learn as
much as we can about this dyslexia and disabilities in order to better
understand them. Be observant in your child's learning behavior
- whether he is learning by looking, listening or touching and find
our about his hobbies, interests, talents and skills. Do
not force your child to do what you want him to do. Instead if
he is better at listening than reading, provide books on tape and
videos that are at his level as learning tools, keeping in mind that
many children with dyslexia read below grade level. These
children can still be intelligent even though they have a learning
disability. They usually need a multi-sensory, that is,
touching, tasting, listening approach to learning to engage them.
Teach them to handle their own mistakes by making your own mistakes
with humor and they will follow. Focus on what he can excel and
that he is not a failure if he cannot master a particular skill.
Work with your child's teacher to make homework or reading fun and not
a struggle. Your child can even learn to focus, listen and boost
vocabulary through learning tools such as the television or videos.
You can help him by asking him questions after each program.