Hypertension or high blood pressure is
common problem also referred to as the "silent killer" because it
often does not produce any symptoms prior to its occurrence.
People who suffer from hypertension or high blood pressure normally
have their blood pressures consistently above 130/85 mm Hg.
Hypertension is responsible, in some ways, directly or indirectly for
the number of deaths per year and, if left untreated, is one of the
major risk factor in developing stroke, heart attack, kidney failure
and heart failure. Effective treatment of hypertension reduces
the risk of early disability of death. At present, almost all
physicians recognize the importance of treating an otherwise healthy
person whose blood pressure, on repeated examination, is or exceeds
the normal readings.
In 10 percent of the people suffering
from hypertension, the condition is usually a symptom of an underlying
health problem such as kidney or adrenal gland disorder.
Hypertension can happen to both men or women. The ratio of men
and women at the age of 55 and above having hypertension evens out
whereas when their age is above 75, there will be more than
three-quarters of women having high blood pressure.